Research and Analysis

We bring informative research content on hot topics of local, national and global interest

Uttar Pradesh: government schemes and socio-economic status of the state

This is the first entry in Swaniti’s two-part series on the socio-economic landscape of Uttar Pradesh, the government schemes being implemented to address key issues across the state, where gaps in service delivery exist and how they may be filled going forward. In this paper, we seek to develop an understanding of the socio-economic situation in the state, providing the foundation for a further examination of government schemes and service delivery gaps.

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Green Jobs and Sustainability Paper – III

This is the final installment of Swaniti’s series on green jobs in South Asia. Previously, we have sought to define green jobs, examine the potential and risks they bring to workers and economies at large, and understand how government policies can affect the creation of decent green jobs. This installment provides a bring overview of the current situations around green jobs in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. In India, one case study looking at new rules implemented for the collection and recycling of e-waste provides an example of how initiatives can promote environmental protection, jobs, and growth in a circular economy by regulating processes designed to curb a growing issue. At the same time, it also provides an example of the need for government rules and policies to ensure marginalize peoples and informal workers at risk of losing their livelihoods are explicitly included in these transitions.

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Indian Telecommunications Bill, 2022

A draft of the Indian Telecommunication Bill, 2022 was released for public comment by the Ministry of Communications late last month. The new bill seeks to replace the existing regulatory framework – the Telegraph Act, 1885, the Wireless Telegraphy Act, 1933, and the Telegraph Wires (Unlawful Possession) Act, 1950 – and provide a framework for regulating all aspects of the telecom industry, including service provision, networks, infrastructure, and spectrum, which is defined in the bill as as the range of frequencies of radio waves. In short, this is a broad overhaul and modernisation of India’s telecom regulations to include new technology and communication platforms.

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The Emerging Carbon Market in India

Climate change can be seen as a market failure for a number of reasons, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions is a critical part not only of slowing and mitigating climate change but of correcting its market failures. The use of carbon financing – a funding tool to further climate change objectives by trading in carbon credits to make it a marketable good – and establishment of carbon markets has the potential for significant financial and environmental impact in industries ranging from agriculture to electric vehicles. To ensure these markets operate in an effective and ethical manner, however, the state must intervene and ensure the usage of standardised methodologies and regulations. The private sector, apart from its current involvement in development of renewable energy, must also expand in the space of financial adaptations. In India, the recent passage of the Energy Conservation Amendment Bill, which includes provisions on establishing carbon markets, marks an important step forward in formalising and regulating carbon offset trading and ultimately in reducing and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions in order to meet Nationally Determined Contributions.

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Green Job & Sustainability Paper – Part II

The first installment of this three-part series provided an examination of the defining criteria of green jobs, including the importance of ensuring that green jobs are decent jobs that provide fair wages, benefits, and worker protections. Climate-smart investments can create tens of millions of green jobs while mitigating climate change and its effects. This will […]

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Green Jobs & Sustainability Paper Series

The Impact of climate-smart investment and the creation of decent green jobs Executive Summary The range of sustainable initiatives providing benefits to the environment, national economies, and individual livelihoods is vast, covering solar-powered cold storage for small-holder farmers’ produce, the expansion of city-wide recycling programs, large-scale wind and hydro power infrastructure projects, and numerous other […]

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UN IPCC Report 2022: Scope & Recommendations for India

Introduction The brutal heatwave stretching across much of South Asia continues to persist into its third month. After suffering through the hottest March across India in 122 years, the northwest and central regions of the country saw the same record fall again in April. Then on 1 May, Nawabshah, Pakistan set the highest recorded temperature […]

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Sports Landscape and Policy in India

Introduction With the second largest population in the world, India should have no shortage of world-class athletes. In fact, it could logically be argued that India likely does have more world-class athletes than any other country – if only they had the means and opportunity, as well as the national infrastructure, to train in a […]

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Climate Change Adaptation & Mitigation in India

Introduction Diversity — in biology, ecology, and geography, to say nothing of the countless forms of human diversity — is undeniably one of India’s greatest assets. One of seventeen megadiverse countries, India is home to roughly ten percent of the world’s known plant and animal species. This biodiversity is due in large part to the […]

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G-20: Origin, History and Evolution

Context  Why was G-20 conceptualized? Twenty-four years after the major economies (G-7) of the world formed a group to discuss and exchange ideas, the need to bridge a dialogue between developing and developed nations was realized. In 1999, Paul Martin (then Prime Minister of Canada) and Larry Summers (US deputy treasury secretary) realized the need […]

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Aspirational Districts Programme

An Overview of the programme, progress thus far, best practices, and next steps Executive Summary The Aspirational Districts Programme (ADP), launched by the Government of India in 2018, has been a highly successful initiative thus far. By prioritising outcomes over outputs, expanding the developmental focus beyond the economic indicators, and encouraging a sense of collaborative […]

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Air Pollution, Health, and the Economy

In 2019, air pollution contributed to 12% of deaths worldwide, roughly 7 million people. In India, nearly 18% of all deaths — around 1.7 million people — were caused by air pollution, no surprise given the country has the highest levels of PM2.5 in the world. How does the air get polluted? Taken as a […]

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India’s Coal Transition

India’s pledge at the COP 26 to phase ‘down’ and not phase ‘out’ coal was met with mixed reviews. While many nations criticised the country’s stand as being detrimental to combating climate change, climate experts have come out in support of India’s stand.

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The Three Farm Bills

For long in India, the laws governing agriculture markets remains anarchic. The State has found reasons to overregulate the agriculture sector- regulating prices, banning exports, restricting private trade, regulating markets etc.

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A Century of Smart Cities

According to the Census 2011, the urban population in India grew by 31.8% as compared to 2001. About 31.2% of Indians now live in over 7,935 statutory/census towns, with the percentage of urban population being higher than the

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Indian Railways

The Indian Railways (IR), a 162-year-old national asset has the distinction of being the second largest railway system in Asia and the fourth largest railway system in the world, operating more than 19,000 trains and 7,112 stations.

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Developing Rural Tourism

This brief sheds light upon the various aspects related to rural tourism and the great potential that India keeps for emerging as a rural tourism icon. After discussing the key factors responsible for the potential growth of rural tourism.

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Urban Transport in India

India’s urban population is expected to increase to 600 million by 2031 from 285 million in 20011. There is a growing need for cities to be adequately equipped to meet the mobility requirements of the current population as well as of those yet to join the population.

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Food safety in India

Food safety is an important social and health priority for any country. The recent controversy around non-adherence to food safety standards by one of the world’s largest dairy and food products companies has brought food safety issues in India into much sharper focus.

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Flood Management

I was not aware that services offered at the AWC would include supplements also, it aided me during my pregnancy as I definitely felt better as compared to my last pregnancy when I didn’t take any supplements.

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Start-up India

The ‘Start up India, Stand-up India’ campaign was announced by the honourable Prime Minister on 15th August, 2015 seeking to provide an impetus to the entrepreneurial landscape of India.

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The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016

India has emerged as a surrogacy hub for couples from different countries for past few years. For the same reason India has earned the epitaph of the world capital of surrogacy and particularly the village of Anand in Gujarat, is popularly known as the ‘cradle of the world’1.

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The Dentists (Amendment) Ordinance 2016

On 21st December 2010, the Medical Council of India (MCI) and the Dental Council of India (DCI) had issued notifications, wherein the existing statutory regulations had been amended to provide for a single National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) for admission to MBBS/BDS course.

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