July 27, 2023
A Bill to amend the Registration of Births and Death Act which regulates the registration of births and deaths and for matters connected therewith.
The Registration of Births and Deaths Act, of 1969 was enacted to regulate the registration of births and deaths. Under the RBD Act, it is the responsibility of the states to set up facilities for registering births and deaths and maintain records of the same. A Chief Registrar shall be appointed in every state as the executive authority for the implementation of the Act and the Registrar General of India appointed under this Act shall be responsible for coordinating and monitoring the implementation of the RBD Act.
Since the inception of the bill in 1969, it has not been amended. The Government believes that in order to keep pace with the rapid digitalization and to make it more citizen friendly , it is necessary to modify the Act. The proposed amendments to the bill have been formulated following discussions with State Governments, the public, and other concerned parties.
The proposed amendments of 2023 in the bill seek to propose digital registration of births and deaths, making birth certificates a mandatory proof of date and place of birth and making it mandatory for medical institutions giving specialized treatment to provide death certificates with a history of illness of the deceased to the local registrar.
Additionally, the Bill is also proposing to build a national and state-level database of births and deaths and utilize it to update every other government database like the National Population Register to voter polls, databases of passports, ration cards, driving licenses and Aadhar. This amendment will be playing an essential role in updating the citizen’s register, electoral rolls, and individuals who will avail of beneficiary schemes.
|1.||New Definitions||New definitions have been added under the Bill● Aadhar number
|2.||Registrations to be digitized||This has been proposed to be amended to the Registrar General of India.
Registration of births and deaths have to be recorded electronically on the database maintained at the National Level.
|3.||Duties of Registrar General have been widened||Duties of the Registrar General have been expanded to monitor the database at the
National level of births and deaths. Chief Registrar and the Registrars to share the data of registered births and deaths to such databases.
|4.||Linkages with other National databases||With the prior approval of the Central
Government, the database of births and deaths on request, be made available to the authorities who are maintaining and preparing databases forpopulation register, electoral rolls, ration card, Aadhar number, driving license, passport, property registration and any other national database.
|5.||Duties of the Chief Registrar have been amended||The Chief Registrar shall take steps to register births or deaths and maintain a unified database of registered births and deaths at the State level by using the portal as approved by the Registrar General of India. This database may also be shared with the authorities maintaining and preparing databases at the State Level.|
|6.||Appointment of special sub-registrars||The Chief Registrar can also appoint special sub-registrars in the event of any disaster or epidemic. This new provision of appointment of sub-registrars in emergency situations has been added in view of the critical situation that the country had to face during the recent pandemic and the frequency of natural disasters that have increased over the years. The important role of sub-registrars in maintaining the accountability of births and deaths in a region, especially in the event of a disaster or epidemic, cannot be denied. Therefore, this added provision can now help in emergency appointments to this critical position to assist in time bound administrative and governance decision making.|
|7.||Persons required to register births and deaths||The Bill requires registration to be either orally or in writing with signature. It categorizes the persons who can do registration in certain particular cases-
● In respect of non-institutional adoption, the adoptive parents.
● In respect of birth of a child to a single parent or unwed mother from her womb, the parent.
● In respect of birth of a child through surrogacy, the biological parent.
● In respect of a child who is taken on adoption from the Specialised Adoption Agency, the person in-charge of the Specialised Adoption Agency.
● In respect of an orphan or abandoned child or surrendered child in any child care institution, the person in-charge or caretaker of the child care institution.
● In respect of birth of a child through surrogacy in a surrogacy clinic, the person
|in-charge of the surrogacy clinic.
● Where death occurs in any medical
institution providing specialised treatment or general treatment, institution to provide a certificate of the cause of death, including the history of illness, if any, signed by the medical practitioner who attended that person.
● In the event of death of any person occurring in any place other than medical institution, medical practitioner, who was attending the patient shall issue a certificate of the cause of death, including the history of illness, if any.
|8.||Timeline provided for issuance of certificate||Registrar shall, as soon as the registration of a birth or death has been completed, within 7 days provide the certificate of birth or death to the person who had registered the same.|
|9.||Delay in registration||Any birth or death of which delayed information is given to the Registrar after thirty days but within one year of its occurrence, shall be registered only with the written permission of the District Registrar or such other authority, on payment of such fee and on production of self-attested document.
In cases where one year has expired since the birth or death, the same shall be registered only on an order made by a District Magistrate or Sub-Divisional Magistrate or by an Executive Magistrate authorised by the District Magistrate, having jurisdiction and after verifying the correctness of the birth or death and on payment of such fee.
|10.||Enhances Penalties||Fines have been provided for anyone who contravenes the provision of this Bill.|
|11.||Grievance Redressal||Any person aggrieved by the action of Registrar, may prefer an appeal to the District Registrar and by the action of District Registrar, may prefer an appeal to the Chief Registrar. The complaint can be filed within 30 days and the complaint has to be decided within 90 days.|
Pros of the Bill for consideration:
Areas which might Require further deliberations:
registration is required, and cases where the certificates can be used. For this, the government would have to consider engaging with civil society organizations and other stakeholders working at the grassroots level.
Stringent security measures to protect data: Another one of the growing concerns about the digitization of data and linking of databases with each other is the probable data leaks while sharing of information amongst authorities. The Government would have to come out with strict security measures to protect the data
 The Registration of Birth and Deaths Bill, 1969, accessed
 The Registration of Births and Deaths (Amendment ) Bill, 2023
 Indian Express (Nov,2022), Govt may bring Bill to allow NPR updation via birth and death database, accessed