Women’s Livelihood

  • In India, participation of women in the labour market is extremely low with total workforce participation rate of women being 25.5% (Census 2011) – in some parts of rural India this number can go as low as 10%.
  • Work-related wage discrimination is prevalent in agricultural and non-agricultural activities undertaken by men and women in rural India. On an average, women’s wage rates are 75% of men’s wage rates.
  • Due to societal norms and patriarchal structures, women in India tend to be grouped in certain industries and occupations, such as basic agriculture, elementary services and handicraft manufacturing, leading to occupational segregation.