National DNA Profiling Bill
DNA profiling is the process where a specific DNA pattern, called a profile, is obtained from a person or sample of bodily tissue. Human DNA profiles can be used to identify individuals which can be useful during criminal investigations and for determining parentage, among other uses. The modern form of DNA profiling, also known as STR (short tandem repeats) analysis, is a technique which requires only a limited quantity of bodily substances for analysis. The Human DNA Profiling Bill, 2015 aims to regulate the use of DNA analysis of human body substances and profiles. The Bill also aims to establish the DNA Profiling Board to lay down standards for laboratories, collection of human body substances, create a custody trail from collection to reporting and to setup a National DNA Data Bank. The working version of Bill was first introduced by the Department of Biotechnology in 2007 and has been reviewed by several panel of experts. The Human DNA Profiling Bill is significant as it aims to create a mechanism for the regulation of DNA profiling. However, the privacy and accountability concerns in the Bill need to be addressed, before it is adopted by the legislature.