High Level Committee Report on Review of Environmental Laws
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) is the central nodal agency for planning, promotion, co-ordination and implementation of environmental and forest policies and programmes. The Constitution of India enumerates the responsibilities of the State towards environmental protection under the Directive Principles of State Policy (article 48-A). The Ministry’s prime responsibilities encompass conservation of India’s natural resources including its lakes and rivers, its biodiversity, forests and wildlife along with prevention and diminution of pollution. About 21.34% of the total land area of the country is under forests (or tree cover). Despite significant increase in the areas with dense forest cover (2402 sq. kms) and open forest areas by 2402 sq km and 4,744 sq kms respectively there has been an alarming decrease of 3371 sq. kms in the areas with moderate dense forest cover.