Date of Release: July 15th, 2014
Published in: Times of India
Budget 2014 was focused on forming the bases for India’s long-term growth. Research, Infrastructure, Technology and Education (RITE) are the four core themes that have cut across most of the schemes introduced in this budget.
The infographic highlights some of the schemes that embody RITE principles.
Research: From developing soil laboratories across states to instituting biotechnology centers in Pune and Kolkata to developing 15 Model Rural Health Research Centers, the Modi administration has prioritized building knowledge centers. The areas of agriculture and health have a strong research component. Given that India has previously innovated agriculture through the green revolution and in healthcare through low-cost operating techniques, these sectors will benefit tremendously from investment in research.
Infrastructure: The NDA Government has traditionally focused on infrastructure development and the current administration has followed that tradition. Construction of multiple national corridors, growth of the rural roads network, and scaling of ‘rurbanization’ in India’s villages has been some of the many initiatives, which have received a boost in the first budget. Interestingly, this administration has drawn from Gujarat’s experience in several infrastructure projects/program (more information on this in the upcoming blog).
Read more about India’s flagship infrastructure project, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) here.
Technology: The introduction of technology in flagship programs like Smart Cities and agricultural warehousing facilities is reflective of the Modi administration’s philosophy that technology will facilitate developmental progress. Technology has been woven into schemes and government functioning. Ministries and departments are required to work through an integrated (technology-based) system. An example of a particularly innovative approach has been the recommendation for various departments to create a single database of citizen information so that in crime cases, information about suspects is comprehensive and easily available.
Explore India’s crime rates here.
Entrepreneurship: This budget has a pronounced focus on entrepreneurship. The Modi administration has highlighted the need for young people to be job creators rather than job seekers. To encourage entrepreneurship, the administration has setup a 10,000 crore fund of funds, allocated Rs. 100 crores in village level entrepreneurship programs, and district level incubation units. Notably, the budget has invested significantly in teaching youth the skills to become entrepreneurs.
Explore India’s labor force participation here.
While the budget has identified promising programs, the challenge will lie in implementing them.