- According to Census 2011, the female literacy rate is only 64.64% (as opposed to male literacy rate of 80.89%) of the total female population of India, with Kerala being at the highest with 91.98% rate, and, Bihar and Rajasthan being at the lowest levels with 53.33% and 52.66% respectively.
- Lack of basic sanitation and privacy is driving adolescent girls out of school. According to UDISE 2013-14 data for the Swachh Bharat Swachh Vidyalaya mission, 9.27% schools in the entire country do not have a separate toilet for girl students, while 8.03% toilets are dysfunctional.
- The enactment of Right to Education (RTE) Act 2009 resulted in a steep increase in the enrolment of students across the country countrywide, along with access to better infrastructures and basic civic facilities under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.
- Envisaged under Article 21-A, the Right to Free and Compulsory Elementary Education obligates every state (except J&K) government to provide elementary education to every child in the age group of 6-14 years in a neighborhood school.