Improving Quality of School Education Through Better Governance and Capacity Building
- In the past decade and a half, India has made significant improvements in school education. In primary education, after 15 years since the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) was launched by the Central Government, near universal enrollment has been achieved in the 6-14 age group. In secondary education, the Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) is still low, but it has increased steadily from 56% in 2006 to 69% in 2011 (Source – World Bank data).
- However, the rate of increase in enrollment has not been matched by an improvement in the quality of school education. As a result, there has been little increase in the learning outcomes among children, while the number of children dropping out of school continues to be high. According to the Annual Survey of Education Report (ASER) 2013, most children in rural India have poor reading and arithmetic abilities.
- Some of these challenges can be addressed if the governance systems in schools, especially government schools, are improved, and greater emphasis is laid on capacity building of teachers and other staff in these schools.