Human Resources in Public Health in India
- India produces 30,000 doctors, 18,000 specialists, 30,000 AYUSH graduates, 54,000 nurses, 15,000 ANMs and 36,000 pharmacists annually. There are 355 medical colleges in India; however, these are unevenly spread across the states and there is wide disparity in the quality of education. Only 193 of the 640 Districts have a medical college, while the remaining 447 Districts do not have any medical teaching facilities.
- Against a World Health Organisation (WHO) recommended norm of 25 health workers (doctors, nurses and midwives), there are only 19 health workers (doctors-6, nurses and midwives-13) per 10,000 people in India. The urban density of doctors is 4 times, and that of nurses 3 times that of the rural density.
- It is essential to look at the presence (or lack of) human resource in healthcare in India in order to assess the impact of the perennial shortage on the health outcomes of states.